Saturday, March 14, 2020

Explore some of the ways in which Hornby show a sense of belonging in Fever Pitch Essays

Explore some of the ways in which Hornby show a sense of belonging in Fever Pitch Essays Explore some of the ways in which Hornby show a sense of belonging in Fever Pitch Essay Explore some of the ways in which Hornby show a sense of belonging in Fever Pitch Essay Essay Topic: A Long Way Gone Fight Club Novel The Joy Luck Club The Long Valley Nick Hornby, born in 1957, is now a recognised novelist. His career began after studying English at Cambridge University, after which he taught there. Following this he worked for the major electronics company Samsung and then went on to freelance journalism before becoming a novelist. His career took off with the success of Fever Pitch and he is still recognised as his most recent novel How To Be Good made the 2001 Booker Prize list. His work as a whole can be put into three with separate themes: Relationships and their trickiness, London life and obsessions. Hornby is noted by critics for his high sense of humour and the earthiness in his writing. Most people consider Hornbys writing as middle-brow and perhaps laddish books. His talent is the way in which he makes the experiences of his characters become gripping and easy to recognise or identify with. Often this is on account of how ordinary they are. Chirazi calls Fever Pitch A loving account of the way his home team, Arsenal, has been symbolically linked to every significant event in his life. Even though Chirazi supports Tottenham, so he is reticent. Nick Hornby was in a variety of careers before he was a novelist. When he went back to writing he decided that he would write about the one thing he knew best football. Hornby being a mad Arsenal fan, writes down his reminisces and thoughts about his passion, which is at times illogical. Fever Pitch along with High Fidelity (about obsessions with music, exploring the weird adolescent hangover that seems to strike men in their 30s, mediation on lost loves, friendships and music) and About a Boy (about the struggle to grow up, responsibility and fatherhood) have been made into successful films starring such actors as John Cusack, Hugh Grant and Colin Firth. On asking if Hornby likes watching his work being reinterpreted on the screen Hornby replied Once I get the money thats that! Critics have said that the book is more about obsession and football; they praised it for its wry humour and the shrewd insight to human behaviour. I believe that Hornby is successful because of the way he can relate to other peoples emotions. He, like so many other men are dedicated to football, not as much as a hobby more of a religion. We have all felt that familiar feeling, a last-minute chance to score a winner only to have the shot stopped by what you believe is the goalkeepers luckiest stop of the day or the late tackle from your captain results in you going down to ten men and asking why they did it in the first place. The presentation of this behaviour, or dare I say simply human behaviour makes the book that so much more enjoyable. This book is more autobiographical than anything else and thus the events are placed chronologically. From the start we hear of the broken family in which he has been brought up. In 1968 his father met someone else and moved out, Hornby lived with his mother and sister in a small detached house in the Home Counties. I fell in love with football as I was later to fall in love with women: the opening words of the first chapter show how strong his obsession is with football. Even though football is inanimate so it cannot love him back. No thought to the pain or disruption it would bring this is almost a future reference to the disruption that football will bring to his life. The Highbury atmosphere gets him so enchanted; his obsession goes much deeper than results, he even knows the name and personalities of each players wife or girlfriend as if they were his own! One-parent Saturday-afternoon-at-the-zoo problem this is one of the typical problems of having separated parents shows a lack of family entertainment, doing same thing week in week out. Things had to change Nick is fed-up with this life of nights in hotels and eating in deserted restaurants. His father has been drinking too much and he wanted change. His father had previously tried to get him to go to football matches, and he was amazed when he agreed to go with him on the second time of asking. He previously had been made to go to the theatre. Hornby describes 1968 as the most traumatic year of my life. He had had to move into a smaller house and was homeless for a while. Hornby became seriously ill with jaundice, but had no idea that Arsenal fever was about to grip him. During Islington Boy the chapter of early 1972, Hornby encounters the feeling of rootlessness. Ever since I have been old enough to understand what it means to be suburban I have wanted to come from somewhere else, preferably north-London. Hornby decides that the best way is to adopt an accents where he drops as many aitches as he can, and live far away, where people might believe that my Thames Valley home town had its own tube station and a West Indian community and terrible, insoluble social problems. Reading played Arsenal in the 4th round cup-tie; it was one of Hornbys most painful of his exposures to come. Hornby describes the Reading as my nearest league team, an unhappy geographical accident that I would have done anything to change. Here Hornby meets a family of Reading supporters asking about Arsenal and making jokes about Charlie Georges hair. The father inquired where Hornby lived, but after replying Maidenhead the father pointed out that he should not be supporting Arsenal and should be supporting his local team, causing him to blush. Hornby describes this feeling as the most humiliating moment of my teenage years. A complete, elaborate and perfectly imagined world came crashing down around me and fell into chunks at my feet. Hornby was already gripped with Arsenal Fever and to be told that what Hornby felt, one of the best things that had happened to him in his troubled up bringing, was wrong must have been a terrible thing to have said to you in your adolescence. Graduation Day is the chapter that Hornby realises he is growing up and becoming a man. He is no longer allowed in schoolboys enclosure at 15 he must move to the North Bank. This was to be a major change to Hornbys relationship with Arsenal. It was almost as if Hornby had become a man the day he went to the North Bank. All the things that were supposed to change me first kiss, loss of virginity, first fight, first drink, first drugs- just seemed to happen: Hornby describes the fact that people not only come to watch football on the pitch but to feel the atmosphere and watch others watch the match and provide their own commentary. It also seems that class barriers are mixed once youre in the stadium, as if to say everyones a fan so everyone is equal. I found this quotation, which I think, agrees with a how the atmosphere in a full of stadium will sound like. Football is a game of 2 goalkeepers, 20 outfield players, 2 linesman and at least 30,000 referees! Hornby is continually telling us how the atmosphere in the ground seemed to affect the performance of the Arsenal team almost as much as who was plying for either side. This sense of belonging is to something more than football but more to a community fans all cheering and jeering at the players on the pitch. Another Major influence in Hornbys life is women. During the chapters Boys and Girls and Just Like A Woman we learn that Hornby is being educated by women and about women. These chapters are based around late 1970s and I find the first line of the chapter to be very funny as it truly shows how much football is apart of this mans life. I did something else that year, apart from watch football, talk and listen to music: I fell stomach-churningly for a smart, pretty and vivacious girl from the teacher-training college. This can be related back to the opening line in the first chapter, in that football wasnt the only thing that affected Hornbys life, women have and will always be a constant reminder of reality (the life away from football!). Hornby tells us that he has met women who love football, and go to watch it a number of games a season, but hes never met one so willing as to make a trip to Plymouth in midweek. He tells us that the difference between men and women in his that men had passions and not personalities and this is why Hornby relates the main reason that his girlfriend wanted and had gone to Highbury: there wasnt really much else of him! Hornby questions himself on how individual he is, responding with telling us of his solitary and intense devotion to Arsenal, which makes him, himself! Hornby, a temporary supporter of Cambridge United, was watching the game that would decide if they were to be promoted for a second year in row with his girlfriend, her girlfriend and her girlfriends boyfriend. During a match his girlfriend had fainted, meanwhile, Hornby did nothing apart from pray for an equaliser. Hornby complains how was I supposed to get excited at the oppression of females if they couldnt be trusted to stay upright during the final minutes of a desperately close promotion campaign? Yet again Hornby questions himself as an individual, complaining of his lack of sensitivity, even putting himself in situations such as becoming a father on the cup final day! Another major part of football is its advertisement on radio or television. In The Match Hornby describes how television broadcasting had completely changed the game, saying it seemed that the TV companies had more control over the times of the game than the club did. Hornby states that this liberty takes away what football is all about, turning up in rain or shine, being a football fan! Hornby hopes that everyone is going to watch football at home so it will show how the atmosphere is less without people who are regularly turning up, for the convenience to watch it from your favourite lounge chair! This can be related to belonging in that they would take away all the privileges of being there, removing the whole fan part of true devotion to football. Hornby in No Apology Necessary admits that football had meant too much to him, and had come to represent too many things. This sense of belonging to the crowd as part of the atmosphere, which affects the level of Arsenals performance has reached a climax, causing Hornby to ask himself how he spent so much money on seeing so many games for so many years. In conclusion Hornbys writing, in ways, just connects with us a bit more than other writers. He can make us feel his emotions as much as feeling our own. Devoted to football as much as we are with other things be it literature or poetry, this sense of belonging is almost second nature to us and Fever Pitch is an amazing example of how our human behaviour actually is. Human nature makes us need to belong to something, be it a club, a team or a society we all feel the need to be part of something. This book is although autobiographical a commentary on growing up and a diary of human behaviour.

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Court observstion Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Court observstion - Essay Example The court demonstrate great power relation in the exercise of its jurisprudence, this is symbolized by the setting of its procedures, to the architecture of the courtroom, the procedures, the presentation of oneself from the judges to the defendants. This is illustrated as stated below: The Architecture: this comprises of the structure of the courtroom in relation with the power relation within the courtroom, the judges position was raised above the rest with the depicting high authority of the judge towards the other members. This does not accommodate equal power distribution among the participants. The fundamental architecture design of courtroom, complimented by precisely calculated use and placement of furniture, did not accommodate equal power distribution among all courtroom participants (Carlen, 1976, pg50). Instead, such architectural features awarded the presiding judged with the position with the most superior power (Carlen, 1976, pg50). The judges place was elevated making the defendant inferior to the judge, the judges dock was the highest positioning of the courtroom having it also centrally placed, ritualized the judges position as equal and non-partisan to any side. The defendants dock was placed isolated with a police officer standing beside the dock this showed the position of defence as the case was to proceed. The furniture in the courtroom is set that the occupants are facing and focused on the witness box which is placed at a lower level than any other furniture item allowing all the members of the courtroom to have clear focus on the witness (Greenberg, 1976, pg87). Arguably, while looking down upon defendant extents intimidation to witness, which makes them to understand their position in the power hierarchy of the courtroom ensuring clear conscious of the need to comply with the laid down system of the will and codes of the court. The presentation: the judges presence was followed by a peculiar silence depicting authority,

Monday, February 10, 2020

Answer this question Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1

Answer this question - Assignment Example 1. Their bodies were short and stockier compared to humans. This characteristic is because of the environments the inhabited. The cold conditions were responsible for their body statue. ("Neanderthals Characteristics Search") 2. The metric analysis is applied to bones remains to study them. This analysis involves using a standard requirements recorded for measuring of sizes of bones. In this situation, one would access the bones and try and date the time of their existence ("Spoilheap Archaeology"). The hole in his vertebrae through which the spinal cord goes has only half as those for regular humans. It explained that they lacked the fine motor control to control speech and were not eloquent like humans. 2. Reproduction involves the formation of gametes. The gametes have half chromosomes from the father and half from the mother. It ensures the newly formed species is different from the mother and father(variation). Sexual selection is the differential variances in male and female mating success. Males have higher variances than

Thursday, January 30, 2020

The responsibility of the writer Essay Example for Free

The responsibility of the writer Essay A person once said, Literature opens a dark window on the soul, revealing more about what is bad in human nature then what is good. In other words, authors unlock an evil portal on the spirit and display more about what is regretful in the human race then what is good. This true is because the writer is free to opinionate and write about their intimate emotions that for the most part are unpleasant. John Steinbeck, author of Mice and Men, said, It is the responsibility of the writer to expose our many grievous fault and failures and to hold up to the light our dark and dangerous dreams, for the purpose of improvement. What he means is that it is the authors mission to reveal our severe mistakes so that eventually we will learn not to make that same errors. I agree with both quotes. In Author Millers tragedy, The Crucible, and J. Ronald Oakleys historical essay, The Great Fear, reveals on how fear can intersect and tear everyone apart. The theme in The Crucible is that hysteria can tear apart a small village. Hysteria replaces logic and allows people to believe that their neighbors are committing ridiculous and unbelievable crimes like communing with the devil and killing babies. In the play, the townsfolk accept and become active in the hysterical atmosphere not only out of genuine religious piety but also because it gives them a chance to express repressed sentiments and to act on long-held grudges. Throughout the madness, Abigails motivations were jealousy and a desire to have revenge on Elizabeth Proctor. Abigail takes advantage of the situation and uses it to accuse Elizabeth Proctor of witchcraft and have her sent to jail. There is little symbolism within The Crucible, but the play can be seen as symbolic of the paranoia about communism that spread through America in the 1950s. In Oakleys essay, The Great Fear, many Americans feared that Communist spies had infiltrated the country. As with the alleged witches of Salem, suspected Communists were encouraged to confess and to identify other Red sympathizers as means of escaping punishment. However, instead of the dozens of people hurt by the witch trials, thousands of people had their lives ruined during the Red scare. Senator Joseph McCarthy exploited the fears of those who believed that the  Communist threat was a serious issue and that the country had to take protective measures. McCarthy began a proceeding to track down Communism in the U.S. He figured the way to do this was to call into question the people he thought seemed to be potential Communists and take them to court. He called in movie stars and writers, basically any famous person in the liberal arts at the time and questioned them. McCarthy said in his speech, I have in my hand a list of 205 cases of individuals who appear to be either card-carrying members or certainly loyal to the Communist Party. McCarthy went on to argue that some of these people were passing secret information to the Soviet Union. This witch-hunt and anti-communist hysteria became known as McCarthyism. Joseph McCarthy was a sleazy intimidator. Even though he was bringing to the attention of America the eminent threat of Communism, he aimlessly attacked innocent people. He ruined the careers of hundreds of innocent men and women on the flimsiest evidence to advance his own. He was a cold-hearted man who was a disgrace to the United States. His anti-Communist dedication was not based upon ideology but for his need for a headline-gaining cause. Yet for all of the suffering he directly caused throughout his entire career, he ironically never once was able to directly convict a single suspected Communist of a crime. In conclusion, Literature opens a dark window on the soul, revealing more about what is bad in human nature then what is good. In Author Millers tragedy, The Crucible, and in J. Ronald Oakleys historical essay, The Great Fear, reveal on how hysteria can intersect and tear everyone apart. In The Crucible, Abigail gets her revenge by accusing people she dislikes of witchcraft. In The Great Fear, McCarthy aimlessly attacked innocent people and ruined their careers. All this shows that It is the responsibility of the writer to expose our many grievous fault and failures and to hold up to the light our dark and dangerous dreams, for the purpose of improvement.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Determination :: essays research papers

Determination I am a very dependable person. When I start a project I concentrate and focus in it. I use my determination in all parts of my life. In school my determination has allowed me to achieve many academic accomplishments. In an engineering course I was given an assignment to design a house using Autocad. This house had to be designed to all of the state building codes. My teacher had set up many different requirements for the project. It had to be an original design with four different types of architectural plans. This entire project was due at the end of the semester along with the regular homework assignments. My determination allowed me to complete all these tasks in almost one half the time allotted. I received a 99.7% grade for this massive project. My determination is what dove me to its completion. My determination also is extremely important at my part -- time job. My job is to sell computers and many other business machines. Selling the computers and peripherals was not a problem, but when I started working I knew almost nothing about fax machines and copiers. I was determined to learn about these new machines so I read the magazines and listened to the representative to learn about the machines. My determination is what helped me to learn about these products so that I could share my information with the customer. Now with my expertise in copiers and fax machines I can answer almost any question that customers have and perform almost any type of service necessary on them. Determination again is what lead me to be ahead in my field of study and work. A good wrestler has to have determination. When I was at a tournament in January of 1996 I broke my shoulder blade. I was in the second and final match of the day when I broke my clavicle (I didn't know that it was broken until a week later). This happened on a Friday night, and I was upset that I had lost the chance for the championship by two points. I knew that I would be wrestling for third place the next day so I would have to shake off any aches or pains that I might have. I woke up the next morning and my shoulder was throbbing. I thought that the pain would subside if I stretched out a bit. Determination :: essays research papers Determination I am a very dependable person. When I start a project I concentrate and focus in it. I use my determination in all parts of my life. In school my determination has allowed me to achieve many academic accomplishments. In an engineering course I was given an assignment to design a house using Autocad. This house had to be designed to all of the state building codes. My teacher had set up many different requirements for the project. It had to be an original design with four different types of architectural plans. This entire project was due at the end of the semester along with the regular homework assignments. My determination allowed me to complete all these tasks in almost one half the time allotted. I received a 99.7% grade for this massive project. My determination is what dove me to its completion. My determination also is extremely important at my part -- time job. My job is to sell computers and many other business machines. Selling the computers and peripherals was not a problem, but when I started working I knew almost nothing about fax machines and copiers. I was determined to learn about these new machines so I read the magazines and listened to the representative to learn about the machines. My determination is what helped me to learn about these products so that I could share my information with the customer. Now with my expertise in copiers and fax machines I can answer almost any question that customers have and perform almost any type of service necessary on them. Determination again is what lead me to be ahead in my field of study and work. A good wrestler has to have determination. When I was at a tournament in January of 1996 I broke my shoulder blade. I was in the second and final match of the day when I broke my clavicle (I didn't know that it was broken until a week later). This happened on a Friday night, and I was upset that I had lost the chance for the championship by two points. I knew that I would be wrestling for third place the next day so I would have to shake off any aches or pains that I might have. I woke up the next morning and my shoulder was throbbing. I thought that the pain would subside if I stretched out a bit.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Effects of Soil Ph on Radish Plants Growth Essay

Background information: the soil ph can have 2 different impacts on the growth of plant roots. First and most important is how it affects the concentration of nutrients present in the soil itself. This variable varies depending on the ph tendency, in particular, nutrients like phosphorous, potassium ,sulphur, calcium and magnesium tend to drastically decrease in more acidic ph conditions (7.5) [figure 1]. The importance of these types of nutrients varies depending on the species of plant, in this case radish tends to show higher concentrations of Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Copper, Manganese, Phosphorous and Sodium. These all tend to grow in more alkali or neutral soil conditions rather than acidic as showed in figure 1. Another variable affected by a change in ph is the growth of microorganisms in the soil specifically affecting their respiration rate and the PLFA (phospholipid fatty acids) concentration [figure 3], which consist in the main component of the cell membrane of most microbes, including the soil ones. In this case too the graph [figure 2] seems to show a straight directly proportional relationship between respiration rate and PLFA concentration and PH growth, meaning that microorganisms optimum ph conditions tend to be either neutral or slightly alkali, particuralrly for respiration the best fit line on the graph displays a steeper line with a bigger gradient. Conclusion As a hypothesis i would say that the best results in terms of mass gaining and length should be matched by the radish seeds growing in an alkali or neutral enviroment, rather than in an acidic one To revisit my hypothesis and understand why the base solution should provide better nutrients for the radish rather than the other ones it is very important to understand the concept of CEC (Cation Exchange Capacity), this property of the soil is defined as: â€Å"The total number of cations a soil can hold–or its total negative charge–is the soil’s cation exchange capacity†[1] the capacity of the soil to contain these ions is measured in millequivalents per 100 grams of soil (meq/100g) the increase of this soil property is usually associated with an increase of fertility, the reason being that the higher the CEC the higher the maximum amount of nutrients (ions) [figure 4]the soil is capable of holding and more likely it is to improve its productivity. The increase in CEC is usually associated to a decrease in pH (showed in the graph [figure 5]). This has been prooved by Dr Lloyd A. Peterson who carried out an experiment of soil acidification through the use of N fertilizers [2] (the main chemical in these compounds is Ammonia, NH3, which as it’s released in the soil is converted into ammonium nitrate by the bacteria, during this biological process, 3 positive hydrogen ions are released in the soil per ammonia molecule converted. The increase in the H+ ions concentration makes the soil acidic.) which eventually lead to a much higher CEC rate, which should theoretically improve the soil fertility itself, but, as a side effect of the acidification is a drastic decline registered for the exchangeable base cations particularly in the ions Ca2+, which suffered of – 31% exchangeability and a – 36% for Mg2+[3] actually worsened the fertility of the soil since the ECEC (effective cation exchange capacity, calculated by adding the exchangeable base cations and the exchangeable acidity) actually turned out to be negative, meaning that the relation between pH and the ECEC itself is actually directly proportional. To conclude, in the case of radish especially, the ions suffering from base cation exchangeability decrease, which are magnesium and calcium make up a big part of the nutrients absorbed by the seeds (see the background paragraph) this causes the radish growth to be damaged by an acidification of the soil. This explains why roots growing in acidic conditions should display the worst results, while the ones living in alkali and neutral soils should grow longer and heavier, because the ECEC along with the nutrients concentration in the soil varies depending on the change in pH, in this case with a linear directly proportional rate, meaning that as pH increases (towards alkali) so does the base cations nutrients concentration in the soil and the plant growth benefits from it.

Monday, January 6, 2020

Essay Nonverbal Communication - 1080 Words

Nonverbal communication is when a person users gestures instead of words. Gestures can be facial expressions or body expressions. While doing research I learned that gestures are different around the world of different cultures. I chose French, Italian, and German to compare and contrast. The French word Mon ceil means disbelief in what someone is telling someone else. The gesture is taking the index finger, and pulling the skin down under the eye. In Italian this gestures is called Intesa, which means to remember our agreement. Germany did not have this gesture. It was hard to find gestures in German. French, Italian, and German have the same hand gesture for okay. In French they usually just say ok like Americans do. In†¦show more content†¦They start with their thumb first. Do not know about the Italians. Most Americans use their index finger first. In America we shake hands as a greeting or business deal. The French often grab the elbow or shake with the pi nky if their hands are full. Italians and Germans shake hands with a little kiss on each side of the cheek. Pouting goes without saying. Everybody has their own way of pouting. The French call pouting faire la moue. When moving the index finger back and forth is careful it has different meanings. In Italian it means hey, come here you, and the word is ehi tu, vieni qui. In German it means the dog call. In America we use the hand on the forehead with the palm down means to salute. The military uses this gesture all the time. Germans have and uses this gesture is the same way as Americans do. The French call it ras le bol, and this means someone or something is annoying. The Italians gesture for annoying is palm up moving the hand and elbow up and down. They pronounce this che barba. This gesture has different meaning through different cultures. Holding hands out, spreading fingers, and moving the hands back and forth. The Germans call this moutza. The meaning for mout za is here you go, and this means that a person is not impressed. The French call it a peu pres. This means the time a person will arrive, or how long a person will take. The ItaliansShow MoreRelatedNonverbal Communication As An Intercultural Communication1325 Words   |  6 PagesThere are many definitions for the term, â€Å"communication†. According to Samovar, Porter, McDaniel, and Roy (2015), communication is the ability to share ideas and feelings, and is the basis of human contact. Communication can also be defined as the process of transmitting information and common understanding from one person to another (Keyton, 2011). In my own words, I would define communication as sending and receiving message through verbal and nonverbal modes between individuals or groups. Read MoreVerbal Communication : Nonverbal Communication1428 Words   |  6 Pages The real communication is just based on the words we communicate with each other to deliver our messages and intentions. However, after taking this class it is quite clear to me that communication is not just verbal communication but nonverbal as well. After taking this course, I have become able to understand the nonverbal aspects in each and every communication, I use to encounter with or actions I use to see or experience. This course lets me understood that nonverbal communication covers severalRead MoreVerbal and Nonverbal Communication1472 Words   |  6 Pagesresearch done on verbal and nonverbal communication. First, we need to know what verbal and nonverbal communication is. Nonverbal communication is the way in which people communicate, intentionally or unintentionally, without words. 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